Category: programming

WordPress vs Drupal: Core Web Vitals


Ancient Greece had its Trojan War, the Romans waged their Punic Wars, and WordPress and Drupal are locked in an unending development war. And as you might expect, both sides proclaim themselves to be the best.

To know if your WordPress or Drupal site is up to the challenge of handling traffic, performance issues, and scaling, the Core Web Vitals scores are the best way to assess where you stand with either platform.

After hours (and hours) of researching and benchmarking, we at MpireSolutions have come up with the answer to the following question:

Which of the two content management systems – Drupal and WordPress – win the Core Web Vitals testing score in 2022?

This blog post covers the following information:

1). WordPress vs Drupal: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP)

2). WordPress vs Drupal: First Input Delay (FID)

3). WordPress vs Drupal: Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS)

4). WordPress vs Drupal: SEO Lighthouse Score

5). WordPress vs Drupal: Accessibility Lighthouse Score

6). WordPress vs Drupal: CMS Adoption Share

WordPress vs Drupal: Core Web Vitals [Test Report Summarized]

Importance of Core Web Vitals for an Ecommerce Website


WordPress vs Drupal: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP)

Largest Contentful Paint (LCP) is a Google Chrome performance measurement tool. LCP measures the time it takes for the largest visible element on your page to load, and it’s one of the most important metrics to track when you’re measuring web performance.


Because if your LCP loads in 2.5 seconds or less, you’ll see 75% of users have engaged with your content, but if it takes longer than 4.0 seconds to load, only 42% will have done so.

Fig.1 An image showing the good and poor LCP loading times (source)

In other words…

If you’re running an eCommerce site, and your LCP is taking between 2.5 and 4 seconds to load, you’re losing customers left and right due to poor performance. Therefore, if the largest visual element on your page doesn’t load quickly enough, users will abandon your site before they even see what it has to offer.

LCP is important because it’s a key user experience metric. If your site has a poor LCP score, you’re likely going to see increased bounce rates and decreased average time spent on your site – resulting in a negative effect on your eCommerce website’s SEO performance.

Who Wins?

We decided to put WordPress and Drupal through their paces in an LCP test to see which CMS would score higher. We used Google’s Lighthouse tool to perform an audit of desktop and mobile performance.

The tests were performed on WordPress and Drupal sites that had some basic content on them; both sites were hosted on our servers, running PHP 7.4 with no additional packages or plugins installed.

While both WordPress and Drupal are popular choices for website development, our LCP tests revealed that Drupal performed better than WordPress.

On desktop, Drupal scored 61% on LCP, while WordPress scored only 33%. On mobile, Drupal had a score of 47%, while WordPress mobile score was 25%.

WordPress vs Drupal: First Input Delay (FID)

First Input Delay (FID) is a metric that measures the time it takes for your browser to respond to an event after a user interacts with your site. It is measured in milliseconds, and the lower it is, the better.

In simple words, is the time from when a user first interacts with your website (i.e., when they click a link, tap on a button, or use a custom, JavaScript-powered control) to the time when the browser is actually able to respond to that interaction.

Ideal FID numbers are between 0-100ms, and a good number is less than 300ms. A score of 100 would mean that your site responds instantly to user interaction, and you should never settle for scores above 300ms.

Fig.2 An image showing the good and poor First Input Delay loading times (source)

When it comes to eCommerce, FID is particularly important in ensuring an excellent user experience for site visitors, because if there are significant delays in your site responding to visitor interactions, visitors will be more likely to give up and leave your site before making a purchase.

Who Wins?

We ran the FID score test on a WordPress site with the Twenty Twenty theme, and a Drupal site with the Bartik theme. We used an eleventh-generation Intel Core i7 processor with 16GB of RAM running Windows 10 Professional 64-bit version 1909, along with versions 84.0.4147.105 (Official Build) (64-bit) of Chrome and Chromium 84.0.4147.89 (Developer Build) (64-bit). We then tested both sites on mobile devices, using Google Pixel 3XL devices running Android 11 and Chrome 84.0.4147.89 (Developer Build).

The results? Both sites scored 100% on FID for their desktop version—meaning your clicks were registered immediately after you clicked them—but there was variation in the mobile scores: 88% for WordPress (which is really great) versus 76% for Drupal (which is still pretty good, but not as good as WordPress).

WordPress vs Drupal: Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS)

Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) is a new metric that Google has introduced to its page experience ranking signals. CLS measures the movement of visible elements on the page. It is a metric that quantifies the number of unexpected layout changes that occur during the lifecycle of a page. A high CLS score is bad for your web page as it means that users have experienced unexpected layout shifts on your web page, which is not good for user experience.

Fig.2 An image showing the good and poor Cumulative Layout Shift (source)

What is a good Cumulative Layout Shift? Google recommends CLS to be below 0.1 for an acceptable score and a CLS below 0.25 for a good score.

Fig.3 An image showing the shifting of the page layout as the user tries to buy a product from an eCommerce website. The page layout shifts and the user’s finger clicks on the wrong area, instead of “Buy Now” button. (source)

CLS is often used as a measure of user experience because users find layout shifts annoying, confusing, and untrustworthy. It’s calculated like this: 

CLS = sum (impact fraction x distance fraction)


impact fraction = 1 if an unexpected layout shift is observed in the viewport, otherwise 0

distance fraction = distance between the center-point before and after an unexpected layout shift divided by the viewport size

Low CLS numbers are great for eCommerce websites because they build trust with customers. Trust makes people more likely to complete purchases. If a customer clicks on “Add to Cart” and something else happens—a banner takes up half the screen, items rearrange themselves, etc.—they might decide not to buy anything. If a site has good CLS metrics, it means users will have a better experience, which in turn can lead to more sales.

The importance of Cumulative Layout Shift: According to Google, it’s very important because it’s closely related to user experience on the web. Users don’t like when elements on their screen are moving around unexpectedly, and therefore avoiding those issues with CLS can help improve your rankings in search engine results pages (SERPs).

CLS is also important because it’s one of three new metrics that will be used as part of Google’s core web vitals program. This means if you’re trying to improve your ranking in Google’s search results, then having good scores across all three metrics will help you achieve better rankings than sites without good scores.

Who Wins?

We first tested the CLS score of a simple WordPress website, which we created using the Twenty Twenty theme. We found that this site had a CLS score of 47% on desktop and 57% on mobile.

Then, we tested the CLS score of a simple Drupal website, which we also created using a standard theme (Bartik). We found that this site had a CLS score of 58% on desktop and 70% on mobile.

Our results showed that Drupal performed better than WordPress in terms of preventing layout shifts when displaying content. As such, we recommend Drupal for businesses seeking to create an efficient website that loads quickly and does not cause confusion or frustration for users via unexpected layout shifts on different devices.

WordPress vs Drupal: SEO Lighthouse Score

SEO Lighthouse is an open-source tool built by Google that provides you with insights on the health of your website and gives you suggestions for improving it. The tool gives your website a score—the closer to 100%, the better—on five different aspects: performance, progressive web app, best practices, accessibility, and SEO.

The good news is that there are no hard-and-fast rules about what makes a “good” score. Some websites might be able to maintain a high score across all categories without doing any work at all, whereas some sites might need to make significant changes to improve their scores.

If you have a high-performing website with amazing functionality and very few bugs, then the bar will probably be higher for you than other sites. To that end, it’s important to keep in mind that each website is unique, so there’s no single number or range of numbers that can tell you whether or not your site is doing well.

Who Wins?

We did a Lighthouse score test to see which CMS (content management system) is better for your SEO: WordPress or Drupal?

In this test, we wanted to see which one was more accessible to search engines and performed better in that sense. According to the results, WordPress scored 0.9 out of 1.0, while Drupal scored 0.83 out of 1.0. In other words, WordPress is slightly better for your SEO.

Why did WordPress win? It does a better job at helping search engines find your site—and it helps them determine whether you have any broken links or missing images (Google calls this “crawl ability”).

WordPress vs Drupal: Accessibility Lighthouse Score

Accessibility Lighthouse Score is an open-source tool that lets developers test the accessibility of their websites. It hooks into the Chrome Developer Tools protocol to access data from the browser and then runs a series of audits on this data to come up with a score for how accessible your website is.

Accessibility Lighthouse Score evaluates:

  • Best Practices – Ensures that your site meets all industry best practices for accessibility
  • Performance – Tests how quickly each page on your site loads, including its images and other media assets
  • Progressive Web App (PWA) – Scores how close your website comes to meeting the criteria for being classified as a PWA
  • SEO – Tests whether your website has any technical issues that could prevent it from showing up in Google’s search results
  • Accessibility – Checks whether your website complies with the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0 AA standard

Who Wins?

We recently conducted a study to compare the Lighthouse Score of a WordPress site versus a Drupal site. We wanted to see which CMS performed better in terms of accessibility, and the results were eye-opening.

WordPress and Drupal both earned an 84 on the Lighthouse Accessibility Scale, with Drupal scoring slightly higher in the areas of Color Contrast and Link Name/ID. However, both sites performed very similarly.

WordPress vs Drupal: CMS Adoption Share

CMS Adoption Share is a score that measures the percentage of websites that use a given CMS, relative to all websites.

If you are deciding on a CMS for your eCommerce website, you should consider the CMS Adoption Share of your chosen platform. Using this information, we can see which Content Management System platforms are gaining traction in the market and which are losing ground, as well as which ones have the most active community of users.

The CMS adoption share score for your eCommerce site is based on the number of global websites using the same CMS technology. So if your CMS adoption share score is high, it means that lots of other sites are using your CMS platform too. Needless to say, when you have a high CMS adoption share score, you know your website is good because so many others are using it.

Who Wins?

So, we ran a test to see which CMS (WordPress or Drupal) would be the best option. To do this, we looked at the sites of 100 Fortune 500 companies. We found that 31% of them were running on WordPress and 2% on Drupal.

What did we learn from this? Well, based on these results, if you want a CMS that will help your site get more Google traffic, you should consider using WordPress. It’s clear that WordPress is the go-to platform for many businesses because it’s easy to use and has lots of options for customization and growth.

WordPress vs Drupal: Core Web Vitals [Test Report Summarized]

When it comes to eCommerce, we’re all looking for the same thing: a website that’s easy to set up and manage, with a smooth customer experience. So when it comes to the two most popular content management systems (CMSs) in the world, WordPress and Drupal, which one delivers? Let’s take a look at our overall test reports.

➜ In terms of how fast the sites load, Drupal won: Largest Contentful Paint (LCP), First Input Delay (FID), Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS). What does this mean? It means that Drupal-built sites load faster than WordPress-built sites—and as an eCommerce site owner, you want your customers to be able to get up and running on your site quickly so they can start shopping.

➜ Meanwhile, WordPress won in two categories: SEO Lighthouse and CMS Adoption. If you’re looking for better SEO rankings with your new eCommerce site, WordPress can help you accomplish that faster than Drupal. For CMS adoption, WordPress also comes out on top because it’s so easy to use without having to go through extensive training or hiring developers.

Both platforms were equal in the Accessibility Lighthouse Score Test. This means they perform equally well in terms of making websites accessible to those with disabilities or impairments.

Importance of Core Web Vitals for an E-commerce Website

For an E-commerce website, Core Web Vitals are especially important.

These metrics give you an idea of how people are actually interacting with your site, which is exactly the kind of information that can help you improve sales and conversions.

Let’s imagine your site has a high First Input Delay (FID). When someone visits your site and wants to browse products or make a purchase, they have to wait for the page to load before they can even interact with it. That might be enough to throw them off—even if the rest of their experience on your site is great.

Or let’s say that you have a high Cumulative Layout Shift (CLS) score. You’ve got big, beautiful images on your homepage—but when someone tries to click one of them, it moves as the page loads. Now your visitor thinks they’ve clicked on something else entirely. They’re not sure what just happened, so they close out of it in frustration and leave your site.

Now that Google has started to add Core Web Vitals to its rankings, it’s more important than ever to make sure that your eCommerce website is optimized for these metrics. These three metrics—first contentful paint, largest contentful paint, and cumulative layout shift—measure how quickly your page loads, how long it takes for the page to display all its content, and how much the content shifts around on the page as it loads.

We know that you want to do everything you can to maintain a high ranking in search engine results pages, so we at MpireSolutions offer Google Core Web Vitals Optimization Service to ensure your eCommerce business stays at the top of the rankings and keeps getting new customers.

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The Evolution Of Virtual Reality


Virtual reality is most widely utilized for entertainment, such as video games, 3D films, and virtual social worlds. Video game firms first introduced virtual reality headsets for consumers in the early to mid-1990s. Oculus (Rift), HTC (Vive), and Sony (PlayStation VR) all introduced next-generation commercial tethered headsets in the 2010s, igniting a new wave of application development. Sporting events, fine art, music videos, and short films have all utilized 3D cinema.

In this blog, we will be covering the following:

What is Virtual Reality?          

The Origin

First Invention

  • Virtual Reality in the 1950s and 1960s
  • Virtual Reality in the 1970s and 1980
  • Virtual Reality in the 1990s and 2000s

How does Virtual Reality work?

  • Pros of Virtual Reality
  • Cons of Virtual Reality           

Virtual Reality hardware and software          

VR Devices    

  • Virtual Reality Headset          
  • Software        
  • Audio  

Applications of Virtual Reality

  • Healthcare
  • Entertainment
  • Automotive
  • Education
  • Space & Military
  • Architecture
  • Digital Marketing
  • Occupational Safety
  • Social Science and Psychology
  • Tourism


What Is Virtual Reality?

Virtual Reality is a technique that mimics vision, resulting in a 3-dimensional environment where a person appears to be immersed through it or taking part in it. It is a 3D environment managed in 3D by the person in the experience.

On the other hand, the user making 3D VR environments experiences or explores them using appropriate devices like VR headsets. The use of computer technology to create a simulated environment that can dig in 360 degrees is known as Virtual Reality or VR. Virtual Reality, as compared to traditional interfaces, immerses the user in the virtual environment.

The Origin

In the previous 50 years, Virtual Reality has come a long way, yet it is still regarded as cutting-edge technology. It’s strange how it works. The detailed history that led to virtual reality’s existence is unknown; however, it has been a subject of discussion for many centuries. But, in the last few years, technology has risen to turn fantasy into reality.

Image source:

First Invention

In 1968, American computer scientist Ivan Sutherland and his student Bob Sproull developed the first virtual reality headgear. While it was the first instance of a VR system that looked anything like we have today, ‘virtual reality had been proposed in art and literature since the 1860s.

 To completely comprehend the development of this concept, we must first take a step back to discover how VR evolved from a mere hypothesis to a standalone reality.

Virtual Reality in the 1950s and 1960s:

Let’s look at the beginnings of this fictitious technology and how it came to be.

  1. The Sensorama, a theatrical cabinet multimedia gadget that allowed viewers an interactive experience, was designed by Morton Heilig, a cinematographer –1957
  2. Comeau and Bryan, two Philco Corporation engineers, designed the Headlight, the first head-mounted display (HMD) – 1961
  3. A military engineer named Thomas Furness created the first flight simulator for the Air Force –1966
  4. Ivan Sutherland, a Harvard professor, and computer scientist, developed ‘The Sword of Damocles,’ the first VR/AR head-mounted display -1968

Virtual Reality in the 1970s and 1980s:

  1. The Aspen Movie Map, created by MIT, utilizes images taken from a car in Aspen, Colorado, to provide viewers with a “Surrogate Travel” experience –1978
  2. The film Tron popularized the concept of Virtual Reality –1982
  3. The phrase ‘virtual Reality’ was coined by John Lanier, a computer scientist, researcher, and artist. He founded the Visual Programming Lab (VPL) and co-developed Dataglove –1987

Virtual Reality in the 1990s and 2000s:

  1. The Virtuality Group produced a series of games and arcade machines, making Virtual Reality accessible to the general public –1991
  2. Nintendo released the Virtual Boy, the first portable system with 3-D graphics – 1995
  3. The SAS cube was the first PC-based cubic room introduced. The Virtools VRPack was born from the SAS library – in
  4. Google announced Street View in collaboration with Immersive Media –

How Does Virtual Reality Work?

Virtual Reality technology permits the creation of a digital environment aimed at replicating real-world scenarios or creating an imaginary world made up of non-realistic components, for example, games that allow players to participate in different methods with risk-free options.

Virtual Reality is a complete immersion of the user in virtual reality. For these experiences, the user requires VR headsets to experience the entire 360-degree understanding of the virtual world. It’s a preferred technology in the entertainment and gaming industries and is entering other sectors, including construction and medical.

Pros of Virtual Reality

  • It creates an engaging learning area; students can practice their abilities with VR. For instance, medical students could practice performing surgery instead of looking through AR.
  • Improved cognitive abilities VR could aid the user in developing their thinking and decision-making abilities. A new pilot may wish to go through a risky scenario in a virtual world to gain experience and prepare for what is likely to occur within the actual world.
  • Improved social interaction: In the wake of events that will cancel around the globe in 2020 and 2021, VR programmers have developed a place where users can live stream the event from the virtual space. It makes people feel as if everyone is in the same area.

Cons of Virtual Reality

  • Addiction: Similar to AR, it is possible to run the possibility of addiction among VR users. It is precarious since users are involved in illicit activities in real life, which they can now transfer to the world of Reality.
  • User’s health: There are a variety of effects on the user’s health. There is a possibility that VR can cause loss of awareness and dizziness, disorientation, confusion, and nausea.
  • Loss of connections: This may occur when users depend on VR for social interactions, as they prefer to do it in real-time.

Virtual Reality Hardware And Software

We’ll learn about the VR hardware and software that makes Virtual Reality possible, the specifics of virtual reality headsets, and how they work.


VR hardware can be employed to generate stimuli to control the sensors of the VR user. They can wear on the body or in isolation from the user. VR hardware utilizes sensors to monitor motions, for instance, the user’s button presses and the controller’s movements, such as hands, head, or eyes. Sensors have receptors that capture the energy generated by the user’s body.

The sensors within the hardware convert the energy it receives from hand movements or button press into the form of an electric signal. The signal is transmitted to the device or computer for the appropriate action.

VR devices

  1. There are hardware devices that enable VR technology. They are personal computers that can process outputs and inputs from users and phones, consoles, and consoles.
  2. Input devices: It includes VR controllers balls or the tracking ball, controller wands trackpads, data gloves, buttons for controlling devices bodysuits, motion trackers motion platforms, and treadmills (virtual Omni) that employ pressure or pressure to create energy which is then converted into an electrical signal that allows the user’s selection possible in a 3D environment. These devices help users navigate through the 3D worlds.
  3. The computer should be capable of rendering high-quality images and typically employs Graphics Processing Units to provide the highest quality and user experience. Graphics Processing Unit or Graphics Processing Unit is an electronic device in a card that receives information from the CPU and alters and manipulates memory to speed up creating images within the frame buffer and the display.
  4. Output devices include the auditory and visual or haptic displays that stimulate the senses and display the VR contents or the environment to users to create an experience.

Virtual Reality Headset

VR headsets are head-mounted devices that can offer virtual reality images for the eye. A VR headset comprises a visible screen or display lenses and headphones, stereo audio, or eye motion cameras or sensors to the same effect. Sometimes, it also includes controllers integrated or connected, which are used to navigate through VR content.

Image source:

  • The sensors that detect the head or eye movement and track it could comprise gyroscopes, structured lighting systems, magnetometers, and accelerometers. Sensors are used to decrease the load on rendering and deliver ads for advertisement. For example, in reducing the burden, the sensors are utilized to determine the user’s gaze and reduce rendering resolution to the user’s eye.
  • Image clarity is determined not only by the quality of the camera but also by the resolution of the display optic quality, refresh rate, and area of vision. Cameras also monitor motion, for example, to create room-scale VR experiences in which the user can move around a room while experiencing virtual real-world. But, sensors are more efficient as cameras typically have a more significant delay.
  • With P.C. Tethering VR headsets, the ability to move freely around while you explore VR surroundings is a significant problem. Outside-in and inside-out tracking refer to two different terms commonly used in VR. Both terms refer to how the VR system can track the user’s location and any accompanying devices when they move about the room.
  • The VR headsets are usually mid-range, low-end, and high-end VR headsets. The lower end includes the cardboards utilized in conjunction with mobile devices. The mid-range range includes devices like Samsung HTC Vive, a mobile headset with a dedicated portable computer, and PlayStation VR. Lastly, top-end models consist of P.C.-tethered and wireless headsets such as HTC Vive, Valve, and Oculus Rift.



  • Controls the VR input and output devices, analyzes the input data and generates the correct feedback. All input for VR software must be in sync, and its output must be swift.
  • The VR developer can create their very own Virtual World Generator (VWG) by using the software development kit provided by a VR headset manufacturer. An SDK includes primary drivers that allow access to the tracking information and call graphics rendering libraries. VWG can be customized for specific VR experiences.
  • VR software relays VR content stored in Cloud and different sources through the Internet and assists in managing the content.


Some headsets have the headsets with their audio systems. Some headsets allow using headphones as an add-on. Virtual reality audio is a 3D illusion for the ear that can be created using a multi-speaker with a positional feature commonly referred to as positional audio. It gives the user clues to draw their attention or give the user some details.

This technology is now used in surround audio systems.

Applications Of Virtual Reality


The primary method VR modernizes healthcare is through education. VR creates a place that allows you to grow and learn from the classroom in real-world settings.

With VR, professionals who must perform precise operations can train without being in the middle during an emergency.

Practitioners who want to become familiar with the hospital’s environment can do this without stress.

This technology is used in cognitive behavioral therapy, where people suffering from anxiety or phobias work on their issues in a controlled space.


The entertainment sector was among the first industries to adopt VR and is still one of the best examples of its use. If you examine gaming on consoles and online, it will be apparent that VR has a significant presence in the gaming industry.

Similar to VR, HTML0 is now being introduced to theme parks and cinemas to recreate movie-like experiences and allow people to enjoy their favorite cinematographic works.


VR assists car makers in analyzing road situations and the behavior of cars. Simulations allow the users to study and alter the models before constructing the next model.

Virtual reality is widely utilized in creating smart cars that will be flooding with new models in the coming years. Autos learn to drive, turn, and stop using AI (AR) and virtual reality.


Although education is thought to be a slow business to adopt the latest trends and technologies, VR has already shown the potential of VR.

For adults, any business offers professional education to its employees. VR is a component of games for education and field trips and generally experiencing the world for younger students.

Space & Military

Because these two sectors must operate in hazardous environments that aren’t accessible, VR provides conditions for getting like reality feasible for training.

VR lets trainees prepare for their training with minimal risks. It also assists those who have suffered from trauma on the battlefield to overcome their injuries and prepare for unexpected scenarios.


With VR architecture, architects can visualize what they are designing and what it feels. It lets them feel the space before its construction and implement real-time adjustments to provide the best customer experience.

Digital Marketing

Though most people aren’t a fan of commercials, the experience of a close-up view of a product can be fun and educational. There are numerous uses for VR in the realm of digital marketing.

For instance, retailers could explain what the product will look like at home to prospective customers. Nonprofits can also create more humane messages to address politics.

Occupational Safety

Safety and health at work (OSH) can be a significant concern for any workplace with machines or natural dangers.

The workplace hazards can be dealt with through a simulation environment where employees can be taught how to handle them without causing injury.

Social Science and Psychology

The majority of the industry is based on VR so that users can imagine themselves as another person and experience the world from a different angle or perspective. Immersive environments have positive effects on future interactions between people.


Take a trip before you purchase it. No, seriously. One of the most popular virtual reality applications is tourism. You can take virtual tour tours through the hotels, landmarks, restaurants, and anything else you’d like to see during your next trip. If you decide to go, you’ll be sure that you’ll be impressed.


This comprehensive virtual reality article introduces you to the concept of the evolution of Virtual Reality, commonly known as VR. We also learned how lenses for the headset work with the eye by using light emitted in and out of sight, creating these visual illusions.

In this context, we also looked at the factors that impact the quality of experience provided by VR for the viewer and how it can improve. We also explored the various applications of VR, which included gaming and training.

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Everything You Should Know About Headless Drupal


You can manage and deliver the content in a more efficient way using Headless Drupal. This powerful platform offers a number of advantages over traditional Content Management Systems. In this blog post, we will discuss what Headless Drupal is, and how it can benefit your business. You will get the answer to all your questions about headless Drupal and why it is such a powerful tool. We’ll also provide some tips on how to get started using this platform.

A traditional Drupal website is responsible to provide customized end-to-end solutions for users. The prime objective of Drupal is to create, display, and store content for the end-users. However, using a Headless Drupal you can still create and store the content except for the display. This is because it is focused on the back-end approach of a website. The front-end of a website is based on different technologies and communicates with Drupal through API.

In simple words, Headless Drupal enables the team of front-end developers to have complete control of the UI, UX, & presentation of the website.

Where Did Headless Drupal Come From?

As the web has evolved, so has the urge to manage and display content throughout several devices and platforms. Initially, this meant linking website data to native mobile apps for display, or interfacing with enterprise-level hardware and software.

The concept of headless Drupal actually predates the platform itself. The idea was first proposed by Dries Buytaert, the creator of Drupal, back in 2007. At that time, he suggested that it might be possible to decouple the frontend presentation layer from the backend content management system. This would allow developers to build better integrations with third-party software and services.

Can Drupal Be Headless?

Drupal is a powerful Content Management System that offers several features and benefits. However, it can also be used as a headless platform. Headless Drupal refers to the decoupling of the backend CMS from the frontend presentation layer. In other words, the Drupal CMS is used to manage and store content, while the frontend presentation layer is built using a separate framework such as React or Angular. This approach offers many advantages, which we will discuss in more detail below.

What Is Headless Drupal?

In a nutshell, Headless Drupal is a platform that allows you to manage and deliver content without a traditional web browser interface. This can be done through various methods, including APIs or other specialized software. By using Headless Drupal, you can create more efficient and streamlined workflows for managing your website.

What Are The Objectives Of Headless Drupal?

The primary objective of Headless Drupal is to decouple the backend of a website from the frontend. This allows developers to build websites and applications using different technologies, without being limited by the capabilities of a single platform. 

For example, a traditional Drupal site might use PHP for the back-end and HTML/CSS for the front-end. With Headless Drupal, you could use Node.js for the back-end and React for the front-end. This flexibility provides a number of benefits, including improved performance, scalability, and security.

Image Source: Hinglish

There are seven objectives of headless Drupal:

  • To make life easier for content creators and editors by providing them with a user-friendly interface that allows them to easily create and manage content.
  • To make it easier for developers to create and maintain customizations and integrations.
  • To improve performance by decoupling the front-end from the back-end.
  • To make it easier to scale Drupal websites.
  • To provide a better security model by isolating the front-end from the back-end.
  • To allow for greater flexibility in how Drupal websites are designed and built.
  • To make it easier to migrate away from Drupal if necessary.

Who Uses Headless Drupal?

Headless Drupal is often used by large organizations that need to manage a large volume of content. It’s also popular among developers who want more control over how their content is delivered. If you’re looking for a more efficient way to manage your website, this may be the right platform for you.

Why Use Headless Drupal?

There are many reasons why you might want to use Headless Drupal. One of the most common reasons is that it allows you to decouple your content from your presentation layer. This means that you can easily change how your content is displayed without having to make any changes to the actual content itself. 

This can save you a lot of time and effort in the long run. Additionally, it provides greater flexibility when it comes to managing and delivering content. You can use different methods to deliver content, including APIs or other software. This allows you to tailor your content delivery to your specific needs.

How Does It Work?

Headless Drupal relies on two main components: the back end and the front end. The back end is responsible for managing and delivering content, while the front end is responsible for displaying it to users. This separation of duties can lead to improved performance and scalability. Additionally, it allows you to use different technologies for each component, which gives you more flexibility in terms of how you want your website to look and function.

Headless Drupal is a decoupled approach to building web applications. In a traditional “monolithic” Drupal setup, the front-end and back-end are tightly coupled together. This means that you cannot make changes to the front-end without also affecting the back-end and vice versa.

With headless Drupal, however, the front-end and back-end are completely decoupled. This allows you to make changes to either one without affecting the other.

Benefits of Using Headless Drupal For Your Online Business

Image Source: PSD2HTML

Pros of Headless Drupal

There are a number of ways that Headless Drupal can benefit your online business. Here are some of the most notable advantages:

Increased Efficiency:

Headless Drupal can help you manage and deliver content more efficiently. This is because it separates the back end and front end, allowing you to use different technologies for each component. As a result, you can create workflows that are tailored to your specific needs.

Improved Scalability:

By using Headless Drupal, you can improve the scalability of your website. This is because it relies on a modular architecture, which allows you to scale each component independently. Additionally, you can use different technologies for each component, giving you more flexibility in terms of how your website scales.

Enhanced Functionality:

Headless Drupal offers a number of features that can enhance the functionality of your website. For example, it includes a robust API that allows you to easily access and manipulate content. Additionally, it provides a wide range of tools for managing and delivering content.

Greater Flexibility:

Headless Drupal gives you greater flexibility in terms of how you want your website to look and function. This is because it allows you to use different technologies for each component. As a result, you can create a website that meets your specific needs and requirements.

Easy To Function:

Headless Drupal is easy to use, even for beginners. This is because it relies on a modular architecture and a wide range of tools. Additionally, it offers a robust API that allows you to easily access and manipulate content.

Cons Of Headless Drupal

Even though Headless Drupal has a lot of advantages, it also has some disadvantages. Here are some of the most notable drawbacks:

Lack Of Documentation:

One of the biggest drawbacks of Headless Drupal is the lack of documentation. This can make it difficult for beginners to learn how to use this platform. Additionally, it can be challenging to find answers to specific questions.

Complicated Workflows:

Another downside of Headless Drupal is that it can create complicated workflows. This is because it relies on a modular architecture and a wide range of tools. As a result, you need to have a good understanding of how each component works in order to create an efficient workflow.

Lack Of Support:

Another drawback of Headless Drupal is the lack of support. This is because it is a relatively new platform and there are not many people who are familiar with it. Additionally, there are not many resources available for troubleshooting.

Overall, it has a lot of advantages that can benefit your online business. However, it also has some drawbacks that you should be aware of before you decide to use this platform. If you have the time and patience to learn how to use this platform, then Headless Drupal can be a great option for your website.

How To Get Started With Headless Drupal?

Now that you know all about Headless Drupal, how do you get started using it? Here are some tips:

Install The Core Modules:

The first step is to install the core modules. These modules provide the basic functionality needed to run a Headless Drupal website. You can find these modules in the Drupal module repository.

Configure The Back End:

Once the core modules are installed, you need to configure the back end. This includes setting up the database and user accounts. Additionally, you need to configure the file system and web server.

Configure The Front End:

After the back end is configured, you need to configure the front end. This includes setting up the theme and creating custom blocks. Additionally, you need to add content types and fields.

Test Your Website:

Once everything is configured, you need to test your website. This includes testing the back end and front end components. Additionally, you need to test the functionality of your website.

Is Headless Drupal For Everyone?

No, Headless Drupal is not for everyone. This is because it requires a significant amount of time and effort to learn how to use this platform. Additionally, it can be challenging to find support if you encounter problems. However, if you are willing to invest the time and effort, then it can be a great option for your website.

Is Drupal A Decoupled CMS?

Drupal is a content management system (CMS). In its early days, it was known as a monolithic CMS. That’s because it consisted of one large codebase that handled both the back-end and front-end of websites.

In recent years, however, Drupal has become more decoupled. This means that the back-end and front-end are now separate entities. The back-end still powers the website but the front-end is now powered by another application, such as a JavaScript framework.

This decoupling has many benefits, one of which is increased productivity. When you don’t have to worry about the front-end while working on the back-end (or vice versa), you can get more work done in less time.

What Is The Difference Between Headless Drupal And Decoupled Drupal?

The difference between headless Drupal and decoupled Drupal is that headless Drupal does not have a front end. This means that you cannot use Drupal to create the front end of your website. Instead, you need to use a different platform for the front end. Decoupled Drupal, on the other hand, has a front end and a back end. This means that you can use Drupal to create both the front end and back end of your website.

Here are some key differences:

  • A headless Drupal is a platform that uses a modular architecture and a wide range of tools.
  • A decoupled Drupal is a platform that uses different technologies for each component.
  • Headless Drupal is easy to use, even for beginners.
  • Decoupled Drupal can be challenging to learn, especially for beginners.
  • Headless Drupal offers a robust API that allows you to easily access and manipulate content.
  • Decoupled Drupal does not offer an API, which can make it difficult to access and manipulate content.


Headless Drupal can be the best option for your official website if you are willing to invest the time and effort to learn how to use it. However, it is important to be aware of the drawbacks of this platform before you decide to use it. Additionally, Drupal is not a decoupled CMS but it can be used as a headless CMS. If you are looking for more flexibility and control over your website, then Decoupled Drupal can be a great option for you.

In case you want to discuss how Drupal CMS can benefit your business, contact Mpire Solutions for a FREE Consultation.

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The EdTech Evolution in 2022 and Beyond


EdTech is a broad, rapidly-changing field, with new developments emerging almost daily.

Reviewing the history of educational technology illustrates just how much this sector has changed and evolved over the past century.

From traditional modes of learning like lectures, to computers, interactive software, and more recent approaches such as flipped classrooms and MOOCs, each generation has been defined by the knowledge transmission methods it has used.

The technological capabilities have also advanced over time, leading to bigger and better tools that allow for more students to engage and learn online.

The sheer size and complexity of the field often make it difficult to see the big picture. But that’s what this article is going to do: we’ll look at how EdTech has developed over time, and talk about what to expect for the future of EdTech.

This blog post covers the following information:

  • Definition of EdTech
  • The EdTech Boom
  • The EdTech Evolution: How It All Started?
  • The EdTech Evolution: As of Today
  • The EdTech Evolution in 2022 & Beyond: The Future Trends

What Is EdTech?

EdTech, or education technology, is a broad term that covers any type of technology used in the education field. EdTech can be as simple as a digital textbook, as complex as an online learning platform designed to help students prepare for college entrance exams, and anywhere in between. The goal of EdTech is to take advantage of the power of technology in order to advance education.

The EdTech industry has been growing steadily over the past few years and has seen a recent surge due to the current global health crisis. Global spending on education has almost doubled since 2000, and it’s expected to grow even more in the next decade: the global industry will be worth $7 trillion by 2025. That’s an enormous increase from the $3 trillion in 2000, and it means that education will make up 7% of the world’s GDP.

Fig.1 A graph showing the market rise of global education and training.

While there are many different types of EdTech tools, most of them fall into one of these three categories:

  • Tools for assessing learning, like online quizzes and exams
  • Tools for delivering content, like online courses and ebooks
  • Tools for collaboration, like video conferencing and online communities

EdTech fits into the broader category of “learning technologies.” While EdTech specifically refers to educational technologies that are used in schools or other formal learning environments, learning technologies can be used anywhere—from online training modules required for new hires at companies, to virtual study groups for students preparing for the SATs.

The EdTech Boom

EdTech has been garnering attention for the past several decades, but it wasn’t until the global Covid-19 pandemic that it really caught on worldwide.

In fact, EdTech as a concept—using technology to help students learn or boost a teacher’s effectiveness in the classroom—can be traced all the way back to Plato’s Academy. At the time, platforms were built out of stone and mortar, not electronic ones.

In China, for instance, EdTech was already booming before Covid-19 hit. In 2003, after an outbreak of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), Chinese schools were closed temporarily and classes moved online. In Mexico, which was also hit by H1N1 (swine flu) in 2009, schools made plans to continue classes remotely and invested heavily in creating digital curriculum for their students, including ebooks and other digital resources.

But it wasn’t until 2020 that EdTech saw its first global boom. The Covid-19 pandemic had forced people to stay at home, which meant there were no schools open, no colleges, and no universities either. This led to students taking online classes, teachers giving online lessons, and universities and colleges offering virtual lectures.

Suddenly, everyone had to adapt to this new way of learning and teaching and many even benefited from the change. Not only did EdTech prove to be beneficial during the pandemic, but even after it ended, many universities and colleges continued with their virtual lectures and classes due to the ease of accessing these technologies offered for both teachers and students alike.

New York’s former Governor Andrew Cuomo announced in May of 2020 that he is planning to rethink education in the state with the help of Bill Gates and Google’s CEO Eric Schmidt. The pandemic has underscored how difficult it is for schools to meet the unique needs of every student, particularly those with special needs, and it has sparked interest in alternative models for teaching and learning across the country.

Schmidt’s planned to make New York a testbed for educational tech. He envisioned a partnership with the state to create tools for remote teaching, and he could use New York as a proving ground for experimental technologies like facial recognition software.

Online learning has been shown to be effective and efficient in previous crises, but this time around it really went global—and fast. Now that everyone is using EdTech in some form or another, it’s likely that we will continue to see its influence on education long after Covid-19 has left us behind.

As EdTech continues to grow, so does the amount of money being invested in it. In 2020, the education sector spent $227B on digital education. This spending is forecasted to grow 12.2% to $404B by 2025.

Fig.2 A graph showing digital spending on EdTech (2020-2025) Source

Many EdTech experts have noted that the rise in the number of people using EdTech is not just a response to remote education, but a genuine interest in using digital tools for teaching and learning. This means that as the Covid-19 pandemic subsides, EdTech will continue to grow and thrive in the U.S. and around the world.

As Microsoft says in its Education Reimagined paper:

“The fallout from COVID-19, continuing advances in digital technology, and intensifying pent-up demand for student-centered learning have combined to present an unprecedented opportunity to transform education across whole systems.”

The self-paced eLearning segment is expected to grow from $46.67 billion in 2016 to $243 billion by 2022, according to a recent report by Statista. That’s a compound annual growth rate of 36%!

The EdTech Evolution: How It All Started?

The EdTech industry has evolved immensely over the years in terms of technological advancements, pedagogical innovations, and financial backing. Its history is inextricably tied to the history of communication. From oral learning to written learning, to projectors with built-in software, EdTech has evolved alongside how we communicate and how we learn.

Fig.3 A pie chart showing the providers of EdTech by segment type (source)

Over the centuries, educators have strived to make learning as efficient as possible. Here we take a look at the evolution of edtech – from its earliest days in classrooms to how it is used in schools today.

Oral Communication as a Learning Tool

In the early part of human history, education was an oral tradition. Storytelling and memorization were the primary methods of passing knowledge from one generation to the next.

The advent of writing marked a major turning point in education. By the end of the 15th century, printing presses had been invented, allowing copies of books to be created more easily and cheaply.

Blackboard and chalkboard technology changed education again in the 18th century, allowing teachers to show their students how to solve math problems and other processes on a larger scale than ever before. Students could see the whole process in front of them, rather than needing to copy it down by hand or memorize it orally.

After World War II, projectors became popular among educators in America, as they allowed teachers to show students slideshows with topical information more effectively than ever before.

PowerPoint came along at the end of the 20th century and allowed teachers to include images and graphics into their classroom presentations. It also provided an easy way for students to create slides that could be used for projects or presentations with little technical skill required.

Writing as a Learning Tool

Most historians agree that the earliest form of EdTech dates all the way back to the Ten Commandments, which were invented by Moses in order to educate people about God and his will for them.

After this, the history of EdTech moved on to the invention of the printing press in Europe during the 15th century, which allowed educational materials to be printed out and distributed at a much faster rate than ever before. This helped facilitate education for all students, not just those who could afford it or had access to a private tutor. The industrial revolution created even more educational technologies such as chalkboards and calculators that were used in schools around the world until computers became widely available in homes starting around 1980.

Video & Radio Technology as a Learning Tool

Video and radio technology has been around the longest: the first educational adult series was broadcasted by the British Broadcasting Corporation in the 1920s, and it was titled, “Insects in Relation to Man.”

Not exactly a catchy name, but it marked an important step for EdTech. Educational television programs continued to grow in popularity throughout the 1960s—and in 1968, the UK government went so far as to form a program called Open University with a mission to televise educational TV series for university students.

The advent of satellite technology in the 1980s allowed programmers to broadcast their educational programs even further than they could before—and very soon, video learning became famous. However, experts note that efforts to spread video technologies to third world countries were short-lived because those countries lacked proper facilities. By the end of the 20th century, video learning became a common staple of online education in advanced countries.

Computer System Technology as a Learning Tool

In the 1930s, it was realized that the use of computing technology could be beneficial in education.

However, it was not until 1981 that the first commercial portable personal computer (PC) was developed by Adam Osborne. This changed the landscape of EdTech forever and made it possible to use technology to enhance learning in all areas.

In 1986 Toshiba launched portable PCs. A year later Apple launched the Mac Pro Powerbook, which became an important learning tool for students and educators alike, especially in the field of language learning.

By 1990, the World Wide Web had come into existence, which led to a huge boom in education technology and access to information in general. 1993 saw the beginning of another major shift in education technology: Personal Digital Assistants (PDA’s). These pocket-sized computers were incredibly useful for educators and students alike: they allowed users to access their email and calendars remotely and make notes by hand or voice as well as by keyboard.

And by 1998 almost every learning institution in the United States had a computer and a stable internet connection for educational purposes.

The EdTech Evolution: As of Today

Modern-day EdTech trends are broken down into three main categories: learning management systems (LMS), digital content/curriculum, and student-centric learning. These innovations help teachers, parents, and students understand the needs of each individual better than ever before.

Fig.4 A graph showing the skills targeted by the EdTech evolution as of today (source)

Some examples of modern tools and mediums used for EdTech include: online courses, interactive games for younger children, artificial intelligence programs that can grade assignments, mobile apps that help students stay on track with their course load, and applications that offer students the ability to create their own personal learning path based on their interests.

So what are some of the trends in EdTech today?

Virtual schools

Virtual schools are becoming more popular too. With virtual schools, students learn entirely online and work at their own pace using computers and other devices. Virtual schools have been around for a while now, but recently they’ve become more popular—especially in places where school budgets are limited or there aren’t enough educators for the number of students.

The Florida Virtual School (FLVS) is an example of a virtual school. FLVS gives students the option to choose when they start, so long as they finish by a certain date, what time of day they want to work, and where they want to work. For example, some students choose to work at night while others prefer working in the morning. Some students do their work on a laptop while others work on a tablet or phone.

Students have many choices for personalizing and individualizing instructions. Just like at a real school, there are teachers available to answer questions and provide guidance. However, unlike at a real school, there are no fixed times for discussion with teachers; FLVS teachers make themselves available through email or text throughout the day, so students can contact them whenever they need help. In addition to talking with instructors one-on-one, there are also opportunities for students to interact with other students online through discussion forums and scheduled virtual class sessions.

Students also have choices about how they respond to assignments. At FLVS, students can submit video demonstrations of science experiments instead of written summaries—they can even demonstrate their projects using Legos!

Interactive Whiteboards

Interactive whiteboards, which are also called smart boards and touchscreens, are like large touch screens that teachers can connect to a computer or other devices in order to enhance the learning experience for students. They can open up web pages for the class to look at, annotate over video, use apps on the board with students in real-time, draw diagrams, and more.

In 2019, data was collected by the Amasya University Turkey from a total of 877 high school students in order to investigate their perceptions of the new generation of Interactive white board (IWB). The data revealed that about half of the students believe that IWB are useful and effective, with a significant majority reporting that the IWB made learning more interesting.

Some examples of interactive whiteboard apps that can be used in the classroom:

Microsoft OneNote is an app that allows teachers to share their screen with students and annotate over what they’re showing. For example, they could open up a website and circle key information or add an arrow pointing to something important.

Google Classroom is an online platform where teachers can set up digital copies of worksheets and assign them out to students digitally instead of printing them out on paper. Students can type directly on this digital copy as if they were writing on a regular worksheet, but it’s all done online. This makes it easier for teachers to keep track of assignments, grades, and student work in general.

Digital Storytelling

Digital storytelling is a popular practice in the EdTech industry today. It refers to the use of digital technology to tell stories, including a wide range of media tools that can be used to create and consume digital stories. These include web publishing tools, video, sound recording and editing tools, graphics and animation programs, photo editing software, and more.

One example of digital storytelling is the Netflix movie Bandersnatch. The viewer watches an interactive TV show that puts them in the seat of a character playing a video game. The viewer then makes decisions for the character, who is attempting to create a video game himself. This story has multiple endings and dozens of decision points, so it’s up to you how long the story will last, who will survive and what will happen in the end. The viewer interacts with this story through their remote control or keyboard, which allows them to make choices that impact how future scenarios play out.

Blended Learning Environment

​​Blended learning environments are becoming more common in today’s EdTech. A blended learning environment is one where you combine traditional face-to-face instruction with a digital learning environment. When it comes to a blended learning environment, technology can be used for many aspects of the classroom.

According to the E-Learning Industry, “Blended learning allows you to use multiple learning modalities and helps your students retain 60% more information.”

For example:

In the classroom, teachers can use an interactive whiteboard or projector to display information and incorporate multimedia activities. Students can play online games that teach essential skills. Research projects can include posting student work online for feedback from peers.

At home, students can access the software and assignments that they use in class on their personal computers or tablets. They can also read ebooks and watch educational videos.

Students can collaborate on group projects by sharing documents online. Teachers can post announcements and syllabi online for students to access before class and at any time. They can also send out digital forms so parents can answer questions about their child’s progress without having to fill out a paper form.

Online Learning Platforms

Online learning platforms are part of the EdTech revolution, along with learning management systems and virtual reality. These platforms are basically where you can learn about anything you want to on the Internet. There’s no real structure for what kinds of things go on these platforms, but they can be anything from lessons to whole courses.

They’re popular because they offer the freedom to learn what you want when you want in an affordable way. You don’t have to pay to audit a class at a university, and often online courses are cheaper than in-person courses. Plus, if you’re working or have a busy schedule, it’s easier to find time and space to learn online.

Khan Academy is a great example of an online learning platform: it’s made up of tons of videos teaching everything from math to history, along with interactive learning tools that let students test themselves as they go through a video lesson.

The EdTech Evolution in 2022 & Beyond: The Future Trends

EdTech has come a long way since the days of the abacus and clay tablets. In recent times, though, it seems that the rate of change in this educational technology sector has quickened, and changed with it has been the associated vocabulary. It is worth seeing what we can expect in future as this area inevitably keeps on innovating to improve our lives.

Will teachers stop teaching and become employees? Will we no longer have classes as we know them? Will we need to spend more time online and in virtual learning environments like MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses)? This section here predicts how technology is radically changing the makeup of the modern classroom, and what it means for the future of education.

Fig.5 A graph showing current and expected future growth of different EdTech trends (2018-2025) Source

Animated eLearning

If you look at all the new products being released in recent months, it’s clear that one trend stands out above the rest: animated eLearning.

So what is animated eLearning? It’s exactly what it sounds like—animation that helps users learn. The beauty of animation is that it can give learners the best of both worlds: they get the flexibility and convenience of eLearning while also getting the visual stimulation and context they need to really understand information. And when you have an option like this, you don’t just have to choose between passive learning or active learning—you can have both!

The result? More engaged students, better retention of information, and more successful outcomes for everyone involved.

A study conducted by Ahi Evran University and Gazi University examined the effect of an online learning environment based on caricature animation on 46 students. The students were divided into two groups, with 23 in the experimental group and 23 in the control group. The experiment group used caricature animation as part of their lesson, while the control group used a more traditional learning environment. The results showed that those students who had access to caricature animation achieved better results than their counterparts in the control group.

Artificial Intelligence

AI has been making a big splash in education for the last few years, and it seems like that trend isn’t going to slow down anytime soon.

Why? Because AI is an awesome tool to help teachers—challenging and supporting them, allowing them to focus on the human side of their jobs and creating more time for thinking, planning, and connecting with students.

Imagine being able to create a personalized learning system that is based on each student’s strengths and weaknesses. Imagine teaching a class of hundreds of students without having to worry about grading essays or tests. Imagine having the ability to develop well-rounded lessons that focus on all learning styles—the visual learner, the auditory learner, and so on. With AI, you can do all that and more.

In addition, AI is beginning to be used in educational tools such as online learning platforms and virtual tutoring services. These tools are able to provide students with personalized guidance and instruction that helps them learn at just the right pace for them. This way, students get to tackle the exact concepts they struggle with most, but not so much that they become overwhelmed or frustrated by their learning experience.

When it comes to education, there are three main kinds of AI:

→ Predictive: Think of apps that tell you how long your commute will take, or answer questions like “What’s the weather tomorrow?” These are software programs that use data about what’s happened in the past to make predictions about what might happen in the future. They can also be used to predict how students might do on an upcoming test based on what they previously knew or struggled to learn.

→ Adaptive: Adaptive AI adjusts the experience to each individual student based on their learning needs. For example, if one student is excelling with fractions, while another student is struggling, the adaptive AI could create a curriculum or lesson plan that helps each student strengthen their understanding of fractions at their own pace without falling behind or getting bored.

→ Assistive: Assistive AI can help students learn by coaching them through problems and concepts. For example, it could tell students to try adding fractions using different methods until they figure out which one works best for them, or suggest taking time to re-read a passage and then find evidence for an argument within the text.

Virtual Reality & Augmented Reality

Virtual reality (VR) allows someone to exist in a computer-generated world that responds to their actions. Augmented reality (AR), on the other hand, takes a live view of the real world and superimposes computer-generated images on it—allowing users to interact with the data that is overlaid.

Both types of technology have been used to create immerse learning experiences for students. In math, for instance, how many times have you heard kids tell you they don’t understand geometric shapes or complex equations because they just don’t “see” them? Virtual reality can allow kids to walk around in these concepts and gain a new perspective on them.

Virtual and augmented reality (VR and AR) in educational technology (EdTech) is a relatively new field that is poised to explode over the next few years.

One of the most exciting aspects of VR and AR in EdTech is the potential it has to make learning more engaging. By allowing students to interact with an immersive environment—either one they’re physically present in or one they’re experiencing through technology—we can capture their attention and keep them engaged in a way that’s not possible with traditional learning models.

On top of capturing attention, VR and AR also allow us to create scenarios that are otherwise impossible to experience. We can incorporate virtual versions of animals into science lessons, simulate historical events for social studies class, or even bring abstract concepts like numbers or algebraic equations into a 3D space so students can understand how they work.

The use of VR and AR in EdTech is, at least for now, focused on high-level technologies that aren’t yet feasible for widespread adoption because of cost. However, we can expect to see two big shifts in the near future: wider adoption of high-quality VR/AR hardware such as headsets and goggles, and the development of more accessible software to take advantage of that hardware.


Blockchain technology has the potential to revolutionize many aspects of our lives, including education.

Blockchain is a system for keeping records that’s decentralized—instead of being stored in one central location, it’s distributed among hundreds or even thousands of computers around the world. This means it’s nearly impossible to exploit a blockchain system.

Because of their unique qualities, blockchains can be used to create a digital certificate system for students. One example is Holberton School, a two-year coding school that uses blockchain-based certificates to prove students have successfully completed their programs.

With this system, graduates are issued a unique certificate ID. The certificate ID links to the student’s private key, which allows them to sign documents digitally and share their proof of completion with employers.

Blockchain technology can also help make credentialing more secure by providing a way for students and employers to verify credentials without having to go through central institutions like colleges and universities.

There are many ways that Blockchain can help improve education. One of its most straightforward applications is in grading: teachers can use Blockchain to create more accurate records of grades and assignments, as well as store them securely. Blockchain’s ability to ensure anonymity will also make it easier for students who need accommodations due to disabilities or other factors—such as taking exams in a non-standard location—to access those resources without having their privacy compromised.

Another benefit of Blockchain technology for education is its ability to track student progress over time. If a school district wants to see how its students are doing on standardized tests year-over-year, they could use the technology by storing all data from those tests within one blockchain ledger entry per child.

Blockchain can also be used to create some other interesting educational technologies and platforms. Some of these include:

Smart Contracts: This is a type of contract that automatically executes when certain conditions are met without the need for human intervention. Smart contracts can help students keep track of the progress on their academic journey and provide them with the credits required for transcripts and other documents.

Cheating Prevention: Blockchain can be leveraged to combat cheating by tracking exam submissions, verifying test takers’ identities, and ensuring submissions are original work.

Transcript Management: Since Blockchain is tamper proof and records each transaction chronologically, it can be used to help manage student transcripts. This means that schools no longer need to worry about students tampering with their transcripts either through fake grades or forged signatures during their time at school.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing has revolutionized the way we do business, and its advantages are not limited to money-making enterprises. As education technology grows in importance, cloud computing will continue to be an essential tool for educators, administrators, and students.

Cloud computing has transformed the way we learn and how instructors teach. In addition to accessing information on-demand, there are now online classrooms where instructors can connect with students across the globe. Students can collaborate with one another and share ideas through virtual whiteboards, screen sharing apps, and much more. In addition to enabling collaboration between educators, cloud computing may also facilitate connections between students who attend different schools. This could have a profound effect on the way schools approach knowledge transfer across the board—from grades K through 12 all the way up to the graduate level.

As it is now, students from different schools have little opportunity to collaborate with students from other locations. With cloud computing, this could change. Students from different schools could be able to work on assignments together with ease, and teachers could more easily collaborate with their colleagues at other institutions to pool resources and develop new teaching strategies.

CC is a major part of the EdTech landscape, allowing for educational materials to be accessed from anywhere, and for collaboration and research to be more accessible than ever before. As cloud computing continues to improve and to add new features, it will become increasingly important in education.

Here’s how cloud computing has been used by educators so far:

  • Accessing mobile apps and programs
  • Facilitating student collaboration
  • Automating administrative processes
  • Allowing teachers to access/create content that can be updated in real time or as needed
  • Reducing costs associated with IT infrastructure solutions

Cloud computing makes it possible for a school to provide access to software programs without having to install them on every single computer that’s used at the school. Instead, the programs can be accessed through the internet using a web browser. This saves time and money because the school doesn’t need to pay for a system administrator whose only role is maintaining software licenses, installing and updating programs, and troubleshooting problems with those programs. Furthermore, if the school uses cloud-based applications such as Google Docs or Office 365, students will be able to access their work from any device that has an internet connection. Cloud computing also makes it easy for teachers to collaborate on projects and share their work with students which can improve productivity and bolster enthusiasm for learning.


In our opinion, EdTech Evolution (i.e., student-centered learning) provides the potential to revolutionize education, while at the same time retaining the most valuable virtues of our current system (accessibility and adaptability). However, in order to realize this potential, we need to build digital tools which allow students to learn and demonstrate what they have learned in a way that is easy for both instructors and students to use and that serves as an effective bridge between informal and formal learning.

At MpireSolutions, we help you with EdTech Websites and Mobile Apps development as we understand the importance of custom development using top technologies & tools that are tailored to your specific needs and goals. Whether you need help creating a new web/app or updating an existing one, we can provide the assistance you need.

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A Complete Guide on Digital Wallet


A digital wallet (an e-wallet) is an electronic system that allows parties to trade digital money for goods. This includes making online transactions using tablets, computers, and cellphones. Before any transactions can occur, money is held in a digital wallet.

In other circumstances, an individual’s account may have an electronic link to that digital wallet. In some instances, users have their driving license or other identification documents in their wallets.

This article will go over everything there is to know about digital wallets. The aspects that will be explained later in this article are as follows:

What exactly is a Digital Wallet?

How do Digital Wallets work?    

Types of Digital Wallets

  • Semi-closed Wallets      
  • Open Wallets    
  • Closed Wallets 

Choosing the Most Appropriate Digital Wallet    

  • Desktop Wallet
  • Mobile wallet   
  • Bitcoin wallet    

The Best Digital Wallet options  

  • Venmo
  • Samsung Pay    
  • Google Wallet  
  • Android Pay      
  • AliPay   
  • Cash App            
  • PayPal  

Crypto wallets  

Digital Wallet vs Crypto Wallet   

Digital wallets—the benefits      



What Exactly Is A Digital Wallet?

Digital wallets live up to their name by providing a digital representation of your bank accounts. You can access it from a computer, smartphone, or smart device. It eliminates the need to carry around a physical wallet.

A digital wallet includes both software and data. Secure and fair electronic payment systems are a crucial concern. It safeguards personal information and the actual transaction by encrypting it.

Digital wallets are entirely compatible with the majority of e-commerce systems; stored and maintained on the client-end.

How Popular is Digital Wallet as an Online Payment Method?

As per the Global Payments Report for Financial Institutions and Merchants 2022, 49 percent of total ecommerce expenditure worldwide was paid using digital / mobile wallets.

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How Do Digital Wallets Work?

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A digital wallet employs software to connect your payment data from your linked bank account to the seller with whom you are transacting.

First of all, determine which one you want to use, which is affected by the mobile operating system.

If you wish to use a digital wallet, you must first enter your credit card details into your chosen app or website. Your data will be encoded, and you will only be able to access the wallet after unlocking your smartphone and allowing its use.

You have to approve your digital wallet and hold it close enough to the card reader to communicate your data to make a mobile payment. Some shopkeepers do not accept mobile payments. Look for the contactless payment sign on the retailer’s point-of-sale system or card reader.

Types of Digital Wallets

We have three distinct types of digital wallets based on the criterion for making transactions. These types are discussed below:

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Semi-closed Wallets

Semi-closed wallets are used by users who want to make transactions with a specific set of businesses. Although the wallets’ coverage region is limited, you may use them for online and physical purchases. On the other hand, Sellers must engage in agreements or contracts with issuers to accept payments using mobile wallets.

Open Wallets

Banks and their partners issue open wallets. Users who have open wallets can use them for transactions that a semi-closed wallet allows. It includes withdrawals from banks, ATMs, and financial transfers.

Closed Wallets

Companies create closed wallets for their consumers. You can only use them to send payments between the user and the wallet issuer. The funds in a closed wallet can only be used to perform transactions with the wallet’s issuer.

Money from cancellations, returns, and refunds are kept in wallets like Amazon Pay.

Choosing The Most Appropriate Digital Wallet

It’s not difficult to choose a suitable digital wallet for yourself. All you have to do now is ask yourself some questions. Which digital wallet app is the greatest, and which one is the best for cryptocurrency? Before you answer these questions and investigate the many options available, have a look at the following categories:

Desktop Wallet

Desktop wallets are software apps that are installed on the desktop or laptop of a computer and provide the user complete control over the wallet. They also make sure that all security measures, such as virus protection, are in place and that the data in question is backed up. Desktop wallets with extra functionality, such as node software or exchange integration, are available.

Mobile Wallet

A mobile wallet is accessed using a smartphone application. Mobile wallets are a convenient solution for users to make in-store purchases. You may use them at any retailer that the mobile wallet service provider has listed.

Like desktop wallets, the user handles backing up the device in question to keep all the data safe.

Bitcoin Wallet

A Bitcoin wallet allows you to transmit and acquire bitcoins. It does not keep real money. This wallet saves the cryptographic data needed to access Bitcoin addresses and perform transactions.

Some Bitcoin wallets also allow you to store other coins besides bitcoin. Bitcoin wallet seems to be a genuine wallet.

The Best Digital Wallet Options

Here we have some best digital wallet options for you:


Venmo is a digital wallet that helps everyone manage their money, from students to small companies. Venmo is a financial platform that allows you to pay and request money from pals.

While it’s still the easiest and most popular way to split cab fare, it’s evolved into a financial platform that may be all you need in addition to a standard bank account.

Samsung Pay

Samsung Pay makes it easy to pay securely. Because of NFC and MST support, it’s accepted in more places than most other mobile payment methods.

All you have to do is swipe up from the home button and approve the payment using your phone’s highly secure fingerprint recognition system. Then, in a couple of seconds, place the phone against the card reader, and you’re done.

Google Wallet

Google Wallet is another famous digital wallet. It allows users to make transactions directly from their phones. It has made payment transfers far too simple. Users may save credit, gift, debit, and loyalty card information for free.

Google Wallet is a new method to pay at e-commerce companies that accept it, and it’s available to anybody with a more recent Android or Apple smartphone.

Android Pay

Android Pay is a Google-developed mobile payment platform that allows users to make in-app, online, and tap-to-pay transactions with their smartphones.

Android Pay saves and manages digital copies of your cards, from loyalty cards to credit cards. All of your incentives are instantly applied when you purchase at a certain merchant.

Visa and MasterCard are among the expanding list of banks and cards that Android Pay supports, and this number will rise significantly as the service expands into more countries.


AliPay is another famous type of digital wallet. Users of AliPay keep their debit or credit card information in the app, allowing them to make payments using their phones.

AliPay has partnerships with various financial institutions, most notably Chinese credit, debit, Visa, and MasterCard.

Cash App

Cash App is a money transfer business that focuses on mobile apps. You may make online transactions directly and rapidly. Cash App has a few extra features as compared to other digital wallets.

It provides you with the facility of a bank account and a debit card. You can use that card at any ATM. The program also allows you to invest in both bitcoin and stocks.


PayPal’s service allows you to make online transactions over different e-commerce stores. You can send money to friends and family in a quick and easy way without having to divulge financial information.

PayPal is a global money transfer behemoth with over 400 million active accounts worldwide. Many online businesses and customers are familiar with and trust the service since it is so widely used.

Crypto Wallets

Crypto wallets keep the private keys that grant you access to your cryptocurrencies. It ensures safe and secure access while allowing you to transmit and receive cryptocurrencies.

Digital crypto wallets are handy since they allow you to manage all of your currencies in one location, transfer and receive money, and even purchase at crypto-accepting shops.

They exist in both form: hardware wallets and smartphone applications that make using crypto as simple as purchasing online with a credit card.

Digital Wallet vs Crypto Wallet

Both digital wallets and crypto wallets are viewed as digital money at face value, and it’s simple to confuse the two as the same payment mechanism. However, there is one significant distinction between the two.

Actual money or valuables are maintained within digital wallets. This isn’t usually the case with a crypto wallet, which stores the keys that permit cryptocurrency transactions within each coin’s digital ledger.

Crypto wallets are not like digital wallets, which are essentially electronic replicas of what you’d carry around in a physical wallet. They are used for buying and selling cryptocurrency. Put another way, the basic purpose of a digital wallet is to pay for items. To buy cryptocurrency, most people use a crypto wallet.

Yet, there are certain similarities between mobile and crypto wallets. You might use a crypto wallet to pay for products or services at establishments that take cryptocurrency, just like you could with a mobile wallet. Both wallets are significantly safer than carrying a credit card around with you.

Digital Wallets – The Benefits

There are several reasons and advantages to adopting a digital wallet, which may eventually replace a physical wallet. Here are five compelling reasons to get started.

  1. Rewards for your purchases
  2. For faster checkout, use contactless payment.
  3. Convenience
  4. It allows you to be more organized.
  5. Improve Security


Digital wallets provide a more adaptable and secure alternative to conducting in-person and online transactions. It’s simple to link your credit and debit cards to your mobile wallet and begin paying without using cards or paper money.

Mpire Solutions provides FREE Consultation by analyzing your digital commerce metrics and advising you on the ideal digital wallet.

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Algorithms Every Programmer Should Know


It’s essential to learn about different algorithms, whether you’re an expert programmer or a student eager to refresh your knowledge. But learning about different algorithms and consuming data is a bit tricky. Today we’re going to make it simple for you. A clear understanding of algorithms helps solve real-world problems with ease. It’s a must-have skill for every programmer.

According to Oxford Advanced, Learner’s dictionary algorithm means “a set of rules we must follow to solve a particular problem.” An algorithm is a finite set of unambiguous instructions that we perform in a prescribed sequence to achieve a certain goal. It has a recognizable set of end conditions.

The aspects of Algorithms that will be explained later in this article are as follows:

Algorithm Types              

Sorting Algorithms          

Bubble Sort Algorithm  

  • The logic behind Bubble Sort Algorithm
  • Performance of Bubble Sort

Insertion Sort Algorithm

  • The logic behind Insertion Sort Algorithm
  • Performance of Insertion Sort

Merge Sort Algorithm   

  • The logic behind Merge Sort Algorithm
  • Performance of Merge Sort

Shell Sort Algorithm       

  • The logic behind Shell Sort Algorithm
  • Performance of Shell Sort

Selection Sort Algorithm              

  • The logic behind Selection Sort Algorithm
  • Performance of Shell Sort

Searching Algorithms    

Linear Search Algorithm               

  • Performance of Linear Searching Algorithms

Binary Searching Algorithms       

  • Performance of Binary Searching Sort

Interpolation Searching Algorithms         

  • Performance of Binary Searching Sort



Algorithms are like mathematical recipes that can solve a problem in the most efficient way possible. We can further refine them to solve a more comprehensive set of similar issues.  A good software developer must know how to pick one appropriate to the specific situation.

Here are algorithms a programmer must know.

Algorithm Types

Though there are thousands of algorithms, we will discuss the main two types.

  • The sorting algorithms.
  • And the searching algorithms.

This class of algorithms serves as a foundation as they are the building blocks of more complex algorithms. Their understanding helps the programmer to deepen his knowledge and apprehend complex problems.

Sorting Algorithms

What do you think how you will get results by applying different filters to sites like Amazon. Sorting data is crucial in the field of computer science. Especially, efficient sorting of big data and getting the required results is essential. Many modern algorithms need this ability. The proper ability depends on the size and type of data. We use many algorithms to sort out data. A clear understanding of their different types helps choose the correct algorithm for solving a real-world problem.

Bubble Sort Algorithm

The bubble sort algorithm is the slowest and is suitable for sorting smaller datasets. In this algorithm, the highest value(for ascending order) bubbles away to the top for each iteration until the whole dataset gets in order. Its worst-case performance is O(N^2).

Image: Creative Common Licenses

The Logic behind Bubble Sort Algorithm

Bubble sort consists of iterations called passes. For a list of the size of N, the number of iterations is N-1. Now consider the first iteration.

As the loop progresses, the goal is to push the highest value to the top. It compares adjacent neighbor values. Bubble sort exchanges adjacent values of two passes if the value in the lower index is greater than the value at a higher position.  This process continues until we reach the end of the list.

Performance of Bubble Sort

The bubble sort operates in two loops.

  • Outer loop
  • Inner loop

We also call outer loop passes; for example, pass one is the first iteration of the outer loop. While in the inner circle, the remaining unsorted elements get in order. The first pass is N-1, and each remaining pass decreases in the same manner by 1.

Due to two loops, the bubble sort worst-case complexity is O(N^2).

Insertion Sort Algorithm

The insertion sort algorithm is suitable for small datasets due to its average quadratic performance. It is just like how we arrange playing cards. We can put in place it in C, Java, and Python. Its worst-case performance is also O(N^2), but it is more efficient than the bubble sort algorithm.

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The logic behind Insertion Sort Algorithm

The logic behind the insertion sort algorithm is simple. It removes a data point from N number of points in the list. After removing the number, it sorts the number to the correct position according to its value. Then it removes the 3rd datapoint and sorts it. This process continues until it sorts all the data points on the list.

Performance of Insertion Sort

As insertion sort is flexible in its response, it can even sort an incomplete list of data points. Also, we can add more data points during the process of sorting. If the list is already sorted, insertion sort gives results instantly, and its run time becomes linear O(n). the worst case appears when the inner loops have to move all the elements to the list. In that scenario, its performance is O(N^2). Let’s denote the inner loop by I then;


Merge Sort Algorithm

We can get better performance of the above-discussed two algorithms if we have partially sorted data. Considering this point, scientist John Von Neuman introduced a third algorithm merge sort in 1940. The benefit of this algorithm is that its performance does not depend on the sorting of input data.

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The Logic behind Merge Sort Algorithm

The merge sort algorithm uses a drive and conquers strategy. The first step of the merge sort algorithm is to split the data into subclasses. This splitting occurs recursively until its size is smaller than the defined threshold. The size is 1. It picks the sorted parts, merges them into the sorted list, and returns the result.

Performance of Merge Sort

Merge sort is a stable algorithm with O(n log) performance. It remains the same for the worst case as well. We usually use merge sort to sort linked lists.

Shell Sort Algorithm

Shell sort has a close resemblance with insertion sort. You can say it is a generalized insertion sort algorithm. It sorts elements far away from each other, so sorting such data points involves many movements.


The Logic behind Shell Sort Algorithm

The shell sort algorithm questions the importance of selecting the immediate neighbors in bubble sort. It chooses data points that have a fixed gap and sorts them. In the next pass, it picks two more data points and repeats the sorting process. Data points per sublist are increasing while the number of sublists is decreasing. We reach a point where we get the final sublist containing all the elements.

Performance of Shell Sort

The shell sort is suitable for medium-sized data. It has pretty good performance for datasets that consist of up to 6000 elements. Data already in the sorted form requires just a single pass of shell sort and has performance O(N).

Selection Sort Algorithm

Programmers prefer selection sort if they have limited auxiliary memory. Although it is inefficient for larger datasets, it usually performs better for a simple bubble sort operation.



The Logic behind Selection Sort Algorithm

Instead of taking baby steps in bubble sort, we use selection sort to move the most significant value to the top in each pass. After the first pass, we move 2nd most significant value to the next first largest value, and the process continues in the same manner. We carry the last value in the (N-1)^th pass.

Performance of Shell Sort

Its performance is like the bubble sort, and we denote it as O(n^2). But due to a reduction in the number of exchanges, its performance is better than bubble sort. We cannot use it for large datasets.

Searching Algorithms

We find it challenging to search data, especially from a large structure. We need sophisticated algorithms to get the job done.

Following are searching algorithms that help us to explore data with ease.

Linear Search Algorithm

Linear search works on the simplest possible mechanism looping through each element to search for the target. It checks each datapoint. When the algorithm finds a match, it exists in the loop and gives the resulting output. It is prolonged as it takes a lot of time to search each datapoint. The main advantage is that there is no sorting of data in it.

Performance of Linear Searching Algorithms

It is a simple but lengthy algorithm. Its worst-case behavior is O(n).

Binary Searching Algorithms

It requires sorted data as a pre-requisite. The binary searching algorithm keeps diving and checking for upper and lower indices until it finds the target value. Since data is already in the sorted form, it compares the value with the middle one. Returns results if value matches with middle else, compare it with right or left side according to its value.

Performance of Binary Searching Sort

It bifurcates data into two halves at each iteration. Its performance is O(logN) for N items. It means it takes O(logN) runtime.

Interpolation Searching Algorithms

The binary search focuses on the middle value. The logic of interpolation search basis on the human instinct to find the data from uniformly ordered datasets. It estimates the exact value of the word that we need to see. For example, suppose we’re looking for the word” programming” in the English dictionary. In that case, it starts searching the terms beginning with “R.”

Performance of Binary Searching Sort

Its performance is poor for the uneven distribution of data. Its worst-case performance is O(n), but if data is uniform, then its performance is O(log( log n)). Better to use a sorting algorithm before applying an interpolation search algorithm.


A proficient understanding of different algorithms is necessary. It helps to understand the relationship between programming and algorithms. Successful programmers know their strengths, weaknesses, and appropriate use.  Sorting and searching algorithms form the basis for more complex problem-solving.

If you’re looking for skilled programmers who understand algorithms and their use in building your business and projects, we at Mpire Solutions offer dedicated and top-notch software development services.

Our experts have a keen eye for the latest business trends and innovations in technology. We strive to provide customized and proven strategies. Get in touch with us to build your future!

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